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澳洲墨尔本大学论文代写:健康和疾病

残疾的社会模式所带来的积极分子在身体受损的联盟反对种族隔离(upia)在1970年代。这个模型被认为是残疾的主要理论测试政治在英国(莎士比亚等2002)。upia认为有损伤和残疾之间的主要区别。他们障碍定义为“缺乏肢体的部分或全部,或有缺陷的肢体,身体的器官或机制。他们也残疾定义为缺点或限制活动引起的当代社会组织没有或很少的人身体障碍,从而排除了他们参与社会活动的主流(吉登斯2006年)。

残疾的社会模式可以被定义为一个想法,这是社会,禁用一个人一切的方式构造满足多数人的需要不是残疾(莎士比亚等2002)。然而,社会模式可以与残疾的医疗模式往往纯粹专注于找到一个治疗,能够全面参与社会他们需要把他们的“障碍”(1996克)。

澳洲墨尔本大学论文代写:健康和疾病

The social model of disability was brought about by activists in the Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation (UPIAS) during the 1970s. This model is seen as the main theory which tests disability politics in Britain (Shakespeare et al 2002). The UPIAS argued that there is a major difference between impairment and disability. They defined impairment as ‘lacking part or all of a limb, or having a defective limb, organ or mechanism of the body.’ They have also defined disability as ‘the disadvantage or restriction of activity caused by a contemporary social organization which takes no or little account of people who have physical impairments and thus excludes them from participation in the mainstream of social activities’ (Giddens 2006).
The social model of disability can be defined as an idea that it is society that disables an individual with the way everything is constructed to meet the needs of the majority who are not disabled (Shakespeare et al 2002). Whereas, the social model can be compared with the medical model of disability which tends to focus purely on finding a cure and that to be able to fully participate in society they need to treat their ‘impairment’ (Crow 1996).

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