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加拿大戴尔豪西代写论文:移民依赖信息

这些信息是很重要的,了解为什么移民家庭如此依赖彼此,而不是教育和机会。西班牙裔美国人通过习俗、语言、宗教和价值观联合起来。然而,西班牙裔美国人的性格有广泛的多样性。在大多数西班牙裔文化中,最重要的一个特点是家庭承诺,包括忠诚,一个强有力的支持系统,一个孩子的行为反映在家庭的荣誉,一个层次的顺序兄弟姐妹之间的责任,以及照顾家庭成员的义务。这种强烈的他人导向与美国冲突的主流强调个人主义(巴斯克斯,1990)。刻板的性别角色往往存在于许多拉丁美洲人:男性被认为是主导和强大的,而女性被认为是养育和自我牺牲。注意,然而,在拉丁美洲的文化中,“男子气概”(用盎格鲁人指男性沙文主义)是指一种骑士精神,包括勇敢、礼貌、慈善事业的概念,和勇气(Baron,1991)。事实上,西班牙裔文化强调实现目标的合作可能会导致西班牙裔学生的不适与这个国家的传统课堂竞争。这种文化差异可能扮演一个消极的角色,当教育价值在加利福尼亚劳动力市场大幅增加,在最近几十年和预测表明,没有大学教育的工人将继续看到他们的收入侵蚀。在移民家庭中,家庭收入和父母教育存在巨大的差异。在13到17岁的年轻移民中,大约有三分之一来自墨西哥的人生活在贫困家庭,只有百分之17的母亲有高中毕业(母亲的教育只针对那些和母亲住在一起的人)。这些家庭特征的差异有助于移民青年的教育程度,这反过来又有助于他们的第二代孩子的教育差异的种族和种族差异。家庭特征的差异解释了大部分墨西哥裔美国人的教育水平较低。在墨西哥裔美国青少年中,父母的教育程度、父母的英语能力和家庭收入显著低于白人青年。

加拿大戴尔豪西代写论文:移民依赖信息

This information is important to understand why immigrant families rely so much on each other and not on education and opportunity. Hispanic-Americans are united by customs, language, religion, and values. There is, however, an extensive diversity of traits among Hispanic-Americans. One characteristic that is of paramount importance in most Hispanic cultures is family commitment, which involves loyalty, a strong support system, a belief that a child’s behavior reflects on the honor of the family, a hierarchical order among siblings, and a duty to care for family members. This strong sense of other-directedness conflicts with the United States’ mainstream emphasis on individualism (Vasquez, 1990). Stereotyped sex roles tend to exist among many Latinos: the male is perceived as dominant and strong, whereas the female is perceived as nurturing and self-sacrificing. Note, however, that in Latino cultures, the term “machismo” (used by Anglos to refer to male chauvinism) refers to a concept of chivalry that encompasses gallantry, courtesy, charity, and courage (Baron, 1991). Indeed, Hispanic culture’s emphasis on cooperation in the attainment of goals can result in Hispanic students’ discomfort with this nation’s conventional classroom competition. This cultural difference could play a negative role when the value of education in the California labor market has increased substantially in recent decades and projections suggest that workers without a college education will continue to see their earnings erode. Among youth in immigrant families, there is tremendous variation in family income and parental education. Among young immigrants ages 13 to 17, about one-third of those from Mexico are living in poor families and only 17 percent have a mother who finished high school (maternal education is measured only for those living with their mothers). These differences in family characteristics contribute to racial and ethnic differences in educational attainment for immigrant youth, which, in turn, contribute to education differences for their second-generation children. Differences in family characteristics explain most of the lower educational attainment of Mexican Americans. Among Mexican American youth, parental education, parental English language ability, and family income are substantially lower than among white youth.

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