Assignment help

加拿大多伦多代写论文:未知的语言

现在,只有当口译员能够理解一种未知的语言时,激进的口译才会发生。对于这种语言来说,语言的意义是非常重要的,因为语言的本质在于理解和使用。但是我们如何解释说话人所说的句子的真实性呢?或者,我们如何解释解释本身的有效性?为了回答这个问题,戴维森采用了“慈善原则”,即这是一种假设,即说话人的话语将被认为是真实的,从他的信仰和他的意思来看。因为说话人的信仰和句子的含义包含了说话人所说的句子的真实性。这一原则的基本思想是,鉴于这一慈善原则,一般认为说话人的话语会被认为是真实和理性的。虽然这一假设是在理性的指导下(在更广泛的背景下),但是慈善原则也包含了错误信念的可能性,因为它的基础仅仅是假设。关键是,如果我们要在戴维森的语境中坚持激进的解释,慈善原则就不能被置身事外。这是因为“信仰、欲望、意义和故意行为的概念是由慈善的理论和原则所定义的。”’23但是,即使是作为一项全面的基本原则而被采纳的慈善原则,也可以分为两大原则——对应原则和连贯原则。前者原则考虑的假设的真实性发言人的话语本身而后者原则考虑的原则归因对代理的态度和对代理人行为的描述,使代理大体上理性。

加拿大多伦多代写论文:未知的语言

Now, Radical Interpretation occurs only when the interpreter is able to understand the unknown language for which meaning of language is very important as the essence of language lies in understanding and its usage. But how can we account for the truthfulness of the sentences being uttered by the speaker? Or, how can we account for the validity of the interpretation itself? In order to answer this, Davidson accommodated ‘The Principle of Charity’, i.e., an assumption that the speaker’s utterances will be counted as true, in terms of his belief as well as his meaning. For the belief of the speaker and the meaning of the sentence incorporates the truthfulness of the sentences being uttered by the speaker. The underlying thought of this principle is the fact that given this Principle of Charity, it is generally assumed that the speaker’s utterances will be regarded as true and rational. Although even this assumption is guided by rationality (in broader context), however, the Principle of Charity also include the possibility of mistaken beliefs for its base is assumption only.The point is that The Principle of Charity cannot be sidelined if we are to adhere to Radical Interpretation, in Davidsonian context. This is so because the ‘concept of belief, desire, meaning and intentional action are defined by what the theory, the principle of charity, says about them.’23 But, even The Principle of Charity, which has been adopted as an across-the-board basis24, can be sorted out into two main principles – The Principle of Correspondence and The Principle of Coherence. The former principle takes into account the assumption of the truthfulness of the speaker’s utterance’s per se whereas, the latter principle takes into account ‘the principles governing attribution of attitudes to an agent and description of the agent’s behaviour so as to make the agent out to be by and large rational.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注