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另一个关于为什么校园里应该禁止枪支的争论是年轻人的大脑并没有完全成熟,尽管他们的外表看起来很成熟。Darby Dickerson是德州理工大学法学院的前院长,他是高等教育法律和政策方面的专家,也是美国法律研究所的成员。她指出,研究人员发现,人类的大脑在发育过程中会发生显著的变化,直到大约24岁时才会完全发育,考虑到思维能力和判断能力。此外,在学生人群中,高风险的酒精和其他药物会对大脑发育产生长期的负面影响,从而导致做出糟糕的决策。根据全国毒品使用和健康调查(2015),在18至22岁的全日制大学生中,有58%的人在过去的一个月里饮酒,而同年龄的人相比,这一比例为48.2%。研究人员还估计,每年1825名18至24岁的大学生死于与酒精有关的意外伤害;年龄在18岁到24岁之间的6696000名学生被另一名饮酒的学生袭击(NIAAA)。因此,允许大学生接触枪支会增加自残、意外枪击甚至谋杀等事件的风险。此外,在紧急情况下,拥有枪支的多个个人将会对执法人员的反应产生负面影响。这将导致许多携带枪支的人在识别攻击者的问题上产生困惑,这些人声称自己是在保护自己。此外,如果没有训练,武装人员可能会伤害无辜,试图阻止流血事件的发生。


Another argument for why guns should be banned on campus is young adults’ brains does not fully mature despite their physically mature appearance. Darby Dickerson, former dean of Texas Tech University School of Law, is an expert in higher education law and policy and is an elected member of the American Law Institute. She states that researchers have discovered that human brain change significantly during adolescences, and are not fully developed until about 24, with regard to thinking ability and judgment. Also, high-risk alcohol and other drug use among student population have long-term negative effects on brain development, which leads to poor decision making. According to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (2015), 58 percent of full-time college students ages 18 to 22 drank alcohol in the past month compared with 48.2 percent of other persons of the same age. Researchers also estimated that each year, 1825 college students between the ages of 18 and 24 die from alcohol-related unintentional injuries; 696000 students between the ages of 18 and 24 are assaulted by another student who has been drinking (NIAAA). Therefore, granting college students access to guns will pose increased risks of incidents of self-injury, accidental shootings and even murders.Furthermore, multiple individuals with firearms will negatively affect law enforcement officers’ response during emergency situations. It will lead to confusion over identifying attackers among many people who are carrying guns which they claim to protect themselves. Also, without training, armed individuals may harm innocents in an attempt to halt a bloodshed.


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