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加拿大劳伦森代写论文:高风险测试学生的动机

2003年,Amrein和柏林报道增加学生离开学校毕业前加上减少由于高风险测试学生的动机。这一新的需求促使其他研究学习动机。Montecel(2004)也发现Amrein和柏林的一项研究,他认为高风险测试环境不产生更高数量的毕业生或大学新生。在第三个研究中,高风险测试支持者声称的相反,这些测试不激励学生(克拉克和Madaus,2001)。虽然,作者认识到动机是障碍增加了劳动力和大学预备技能。高风险测试无疑是在反对关闭贫富之间的成绩差距(瓦格纳,2003)。退出考试这条语句的一个例子。根据Amrein和柏林(2003)足够的负面,意想不到的后果是附属于高风险测试,毕业考试这种性质的问题。在这些测试的问题是影响学生毕业率。高辍学和低的高中毕业率是不可避免的,和里德(2002)警告的危险只在决定一个学生的学业成绩的基础上,这些测试分数。点头(2002)所述最好,他写道“为每个孩子有很高的期望并不意味着我们必须持有相同的预期对所有儿童”(p.75)。这句话环适用于高风险测试和共鸣甚至更在考虑退出高中考试。

加拿大劳伦森代写论文:高风险测试学生的动机

In 2003, Amrein and Berliner reported an increase in students who leave school before graduation coupled with decreased student motivation due to high-stakes testing. This new requirement prompted other studies with respect to academic motivation. Montecel (2004) echoed the finding of Amrein and Berliner in a study where he determined that the high-stakes testing environment was not producing higher numbers of graduates or college enrollees. In a third study, contrary to high-stakes testing proponent claims, these tests do not motivate students (Clarke and Madaus, 2001). Although, the authors do recognize that motivation is a barrier to increased workforce and college preparatory skills.High-stakes tests are undoubtedly working against closing the achievement gap between the haves and have-nots (Wagner, 2003). Exit exams are an example of this statement. According to Amrein and Berliner (2003) enough negative, unintended consequences are attached to high-stakes testing that graduation exams of this nature are questionable. Among the questions is the impact of these tests on student graduation rates. Higher dropout and lower high school completion rates are inevitable, and Reid (2002) cautions of the danger in determining a student’s academic performance solely on the basis of these test scores. Noddings (2002) stated it best when he wrote “to have high expectations for each child does not mean that we must hold the same expectations for all children” (p.75). This statement rings true for high-stakes testing, and resonates even louder when considering high school exit exams.

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