加拿大社会学论文代写:种族和薪水

我们还提出了为什么非白人大学生的工资溢价比白人大学生高的观点。首先,导致非白人之间的差距比白人更大的一个因素是种族之间地理位置的差异。在美国,低收入者中非白人的比例更高。例如,(xxx发现有证据表明,大约xxx%的非白人和axxx%的白人属于低收入群体)。由于居住隔离或非白人自我选择进入农村或欠发达地区,他们中的大多数人被迫把自己的病房送到标准较低的学校。这就影响了个人在为上大学做准备方面的上学决定。由于这些人就读的学校质量很差,他们从高中毕业后继续上大学的动力很小。许多非白人高中毕业生的经济含义正在就业市场上得到体现。从理论上讲,在劳动力市场中,当工资率等于劳动的边际生产率时,就建立了均衡。有时,一些雇主对员工的工作经验或个人的工作效率一无所知,他们会根据学生就读的学校类型来决定员工的工作效率水平。他们的论点是,来自高质量学校的学生比来自低质量学校的学生更有生产力。基于这一前提,从低水平高中毕业的非白人获得了较低的工资。

加拿大社会学论文代写:种族和薪水

We also give insights on why the college wage premium for the non-whites has a greater magnitude than the whites. First, a factor which could contribute to the wider gap among the non-whites than the white is the differences in the geographical locations between race. In the United States, a higher proportion of low income earners are non-whites. For instance, (xxx finds evidence that about xxx% of non-whites and axxx% of whites fall into low income group). Because of the residential segregation or non-whites self-selecting themselves into rural or less developed districts, most of them are compelled to send their wards to schools of low standard. This affects individuals’ schooling decisions in terms of their preparation towards college. Since the schools attended by these individuals are of poor quality, there is little motivation for them to continue college upon graduating from the high school. The economic implication of many non-white high school graduates is being translated in the job market. Theoretically, in the labor market, equilibrium is established when the wage rate equals the marginal productivity of labor. At times, some employers who have no prior knowledge on the experiences or how productive an individual will be decide on productivity levels based on type of school attended. The argument is that an individual from a higher quality school is an indication of a higher productivity than the one from low quality school.