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加拿大网课作业代写:飞行事故

20世纪70年代的各种研究表明,根据行为方法,飞机事故中的人为错误可以分为三大类(Diehl, 1991)。这包括程序性的、知觉性的和决策性的任务。可能导致飞行员失误的程序性任务包括对车辆子系统的管理不善和配置问题,以及其他相关错误,如起落架收放而不是襟翼,或只是忽略所提供的检查项目。感知运动任务包括操纵飞行控制和节流阀等任务,这些任务会导致错误,如拍摄滑降坡度指示等。然而,大多数飞行员的错误都归因于决策任务,从飞行计划到危险评估(航空知识,2010)。这将导致一些错误,比如在紧急情况下不能正确地委派任务。通过对飞行员失误的分析发现,知觉动作和决策过程是飞行员失误的主要原因。

加拿大网课作业代写:飞行事故

Various studies in 1970s revealed that human errors in aircraft accidents could be classified in three broad categories based on behavior approach (Diehl, 1991). These included procedural, perceptual motor, and decisional task. Procedural task which could lead to pilot error include mismanagement of vehicle subsystem and configuration problems and other related errors like retracting the landing gear rather than flaps or just overlooking the provided checklist items. Perceptual motor tasks comprise of tasks like manipulation of flight controls and throttles which would lead to errors like shooting a glide-slope indication and many others. Majority of pilot errors were however attributed to decision task which can range from flight planning to hazard evaluation (Aviation Knowledge, 2010). These would result to errors like failure to properly delegate tasks during emergencies. Analysis of fatal accidents which could be attributed to pilot errors revealed that perceptual motor and decisional procedures were major contributors of pilot errors.

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