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加拿大温哥华论文代写:非洲的政策

在执行了15年的政策之后,包括政府和执政党非洲人国民大会(ANC)在内的不同利益相关者不断地提出关于这些政策是否达到预期效果的问题。例如,自从1994年取得里程碑式的胜利以来,非洲人国民大会政府采取了一些旨在改善南非人生活条件的政策。现在执政党面临的困境是,它无法客观地确定已实施的政策在多大程度上为以前处境不利的社区的生活增加了价值。非国大在其2002年的战略和战术文件中重申了这一担忧,该文件认为,由于缺乏可靠和适当的信息来评估政策表现和政府政策决定的影响,政策领导责任受到了损害。在有资料的地方,由负责执行的人编写和交流,这就提出了向行政、议会和执政党提出的证据的可靠性和有效性的问题。这表明,政府的绩效衡量体系需要认真反思。最大的挑战是,政府的大多数绩效测量系统仍然是基于输入的,而且,在大多数情况下,报告的产出没有证明投入产出比的合理性。

加拿大温哥华论文代写:非洲的政策

After fifteen years of policy implementation, questions on whether or not such policies are delivering the intended outcomes are continuously being raised by different stakeholders including the government and the ruling party, African National Congress (ANC). For instance, since its landmark victory in 1994, the ANC government has introduced several policies with the aim of improving the living conditions of the South Africans. Now the dilemma that is facing the ruling party is its inability to objectively determine the extent to which the implemented policies are adding value to the lives of the previously disadvantaged communities. The ANC has reiterated this concern in its Strategy and Tactics document of 2002 where it argues that, ‘…policy leadership responsibility is compromised by the general absence of reliable and appropriate information that will evaluate policy performance and the impact of government policy decisions. Where there is information available it is compiled and communicated by those responsible for implementation, which raises the question as to the reliability and validity of the evidence that is being presented to the Executive, Parliament and the ruling party.This suggests that performance measurement systems in government require serious rethinking. The biggest challenge is that most performance measurement systems in government are still input-based and, at the most, report on outputs without justifying input-output ratio

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