Assignment help

加拿大温哥华作业代写:存在主义者

存在主义者从本体论上理解焦虑,认为焦虑是我们存在世界中不可避免的一部分。它不需要压制,而是应该被接受,因为它教会我们打开可能性,找到自己内心的声音。人类在面对意识的时候,通常不会被看作是被驱使的,而是被看作是痛苦,恐惧,焦虑。焦虑不是发生在一个人的内心世界,而是发生在他与外部世界的接触中。因此,治疗的目的不是研究防御机制和内在力量,而是拓展患者的视野和与世界的联系。对治疗师和来访者来说,集中精力消除症状、消除焦虑似乎都很诱人。然而,存在主义者将这种所谓的“神经质焦虑”或“病态”症状视为试图避免存在焦虑。由于焦虑是一种有价值的信息来源,我们应该鼓励病人去学习它可以教给他的东西,而不是急于尝试用药物来摆脱焦虑。通过识别和接受焦虑,这些令人不安的症状有望停止。Tillich(2000)认识到,在帮助客户在ontic层面上应对焦虑之前,我们应该先从本体上理解焦虑。

加拿大温哥华作业代写:存在主义者

Existentialists understand anxiety ontologically, as an unavoidable part of our being-in-the-world. It does not require repression, but rather should be embraced since it teaches us to open up to possibilities and find our own inner-voice. The human-being is not perceived mostly as driven, but as suffering and fearful, anxious in the face of awareness. The anxiety takes place not in one’s inner-psychic world, but in his encounter with the external world. Hence, the therapeutic aim is not working on defense mechanisms and inner forces, but expanding the client’s perspective and relatedness to the world.It may seem tempting for both therapist and client to concentrate on eliminating the symptom and supposedly getting rid of anxiety. However, Existentialists see this so called ‘neurotic anxiety’ or ‘pathological’ symptoms as trying to avoid existential anxiety. Since anxiety is a valuable source of information, we should encourage the client to learn what it can teach him, and not eagerly attempt to get rid of it with medication for example. Out of recognizing and accepting the anxiety, the disturbing symptoms will hopefully stop. Tillich (2000) recognized that we should understand anxiety ontologically before we can help our clients deal with it on an ontic level.

发表评论

电子邮件地址不会被公开。 必填项已用*标注