制造/生产系统由转换系统组成，转换系统将输入转换成输出。转换的方式取决于产品/服务的性质以及这种产品/服务的需求性质。因此，生产类型大致分为两类：连续型和间歇型。第一类是适合大规模生产需要的，第二类适合于需求不均匀、季节性和产品不规范的地方。福特汽车正准备大规模生产标准化汽车，自然而然地接受了连续生产系统。本文试图通过比较和对比的生产理念和系统采用的福特汽车公司和丰田汽车公司在上世纪30年代在最近的时间。作为kanigal，罗伯特[ 1997 ]奠定了基础的装配线，Henry Ford理念，通过与亚当·斯密的哲学观年分工的考虑。他简化了导致专业化和商业成功的任务（William A. Levinson，2009）。另一方面，丰田，为不同社会的工业体系的出现，在福特的理念是有其根源（James P. Womack，Daniel T. Jones，Daniel Roos，2007）然而，TMC脱离基于精益制造，从而为自己刻了一个小生境概念传统的底特律哲学和成长到如此程度，美国汽车业震动。
A manufacturing/production system consists of a conversion system, which transforms inputs into output. The way conversion is done depends upon the nature of product/service and the nature of demand for such product/service. Thus the types of production are broadly classified into two categories, the continuous and the intermittent. The first category is appropriate where large scale production is required and the second is suitable where demand is non-uniform and seasonal and the product is not standardized. Ford Motors, as it is poised for mass producing standardized automobiles, naturally embraced the continuous production system. This essay attempts to compare and contrast the production philosophies and systems adopted by Ford Motors during 1930s and Toyota Motor Company during recent times.As Kanigal, Robert  laid the basis for the concept of assembly line, Henry Ford, adopted the concept in1914 with due consideration to Adam Smith’s philosophy of division of labour. He over simplified the tasks which led to specialization and business success (William A. Levinson, 2009). On the other hand, Toyota, which emerged as a different socio-industrial system, ironically had its roots in Henry Ford’s philosophy (James P.Womack, Daniel T.Jones, Daniel Roos, 2007) However, TMC digressed from the traditional Detroit philosophy based on the concept of lean manufacturing and thus carved a niche for itself and grew to such an extent that the American automobile industry shook.