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加拿大哲学论文代写:功利主义

反对功利主义的一个理由是个人权利。人们会说,仅仅因为某件事使某人快乐,就不能使行动正确。从道德的角度来看,这可以应用到生活的各个方面。以盗窃为例。因为你穷得付不起医药费,而去偷几百万美元的药来医治你生病的配偶,这是不对的吗?此外,用一个特定的最终目标去伤害某些人来满足其他人是不对的?另一种抗议是,个人相信功利主义的过分要求。功利主义认为,我们应该以可靠的方式行动,牢记最终目标。抗议人士表示,这是一种过分严格的必要措施。它过分地向个人索取,以便不断地激励他们提高普遍的满意度。当普遍的幸福已经完成时会发生什么?会有一些人不满意这个循环会继续下去。对此的一项研究是了解你行动的最终结果。功利主义是一种结果主义,也就是说行为是由结果来判断的。无论一项活动在道德上是对是错,都完全取决于它的结果。结果主义者会说,当活动为了更值得注意的利益而扩展时,它们是正确的。穆勒反对功利主义过于苛求,他说:“任何伦理体系都不要求我们所做的一切的唯一动机是一种责任感;相反,我们所有的行为都是出于其他动机的99/100,理当如此……动机与道德无关的行动……好行为的绝大多数是不,造福世界,但是对于个人,其中的世界是由。

加拿大哲学论文代写:功利主义

One objection to utilitarianism is individual rights. People will argue that just because something makes someone happy, it does not make the action right. Think of it from a moral perspective, as this can be applied to various parts of life. Take for example theft. Is it wrong to steal millions of dollars in medicine to heal your sick spouse because you are too poor to afford paying for it? Furthermore, it isn’t right to hurt certain people with a specific end goal to fulfill other individuals? Another protest would be that individuals trust that utilitarianism is excessively requesting. Utilitarianism infers that we ought to dependably act keeping in mind the end goal. Individuals that protest say this is excessively strict of a necessity. It is soliciting excessively from individuals to be constantly spurred to advance the general satisfaction. What happens when the general bliss has been accomplished? There are going to be individuals who are unsatisfied and the circle will proceed. One study to this is to understand the definitive results of your actions.The thing about utilitarianism is that it is a type of consequentialism, meaning an action is judged by it consequence. Regardless of whether an activity is ethically right or wrong depends completely on its results. Consequentialists will state that activities are correct when they expand for more noteworthy benefit. With the objection of utilitarianism being too demanding, Mill states, “no system of ethics requires that the sole motive of all we do shall be a feeling of duty; on the contrary, ninety-nine hundredths of all our actions are done from other motives, and rightly so…the motive has nothing to do with the morality of the action…the great majority of good actions are intended not for the benefit of the world, but for that of individuals, of which the good of the world is made up.

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