符合control-demand-support模型的预测,在马来西亚学习,Aziah et al .(2004)发现,高心理工作需求,决定纬度低,低社会支持与工作相关的焦虑和抑郁的风险有更紧密的关系在马来西亚员工。此外,以前的社会心理工作环境因素研究(van Vegchel et al . 2005;堤et al . 2001年)方面模型发现,一个不平衡的基础上高上花费的精力和低奖励在工作中收到与焦虑和抑郁障碍一般劳动人口。
Furthermore, the control-demand-support model posits the relatively association between high psychological job demand, and low decision latitude, and low social support and psychiatric disorders in both genders of employees, while the effort-reward model posits an imbalance of high effort spent and low reward received at work are significantly associated with anxiety and depressive symptoms among employees. Thus, based on the prediction of the demand-control-support model and the effort-reward model, jobs with high psychological job demands, low decision latitude, low social support as well as imbalance of high effort and low reward are significantly associated with the risk for developing mental health problems among employees.
As consistent with the prediction of the control-demand-support model, in Malaysia study, Aziah et al. (2004) found that high psychological job demand, and low decision latitude, and low social support were strongly associated with higher risk of job-related anxiety and depression among Malaysian employees. Moreover, the previous psychosocial work environment factors studies (van Vegchel et al. 2005; Tsutsumi et al. 2001) based on the effort-reward model found that an imbalance of high effort spent and low reward received at work are associated with anxiety and depression disorder in the general working population.