Car accidents are responsible for a large number of mortalities worldwide, and a large proportion of these accidents are mobile phone-induced. Based on the fact that a driver's driving skills are naturally reduced by the distraction caused by using a mobile phone while driving, the UK government has enforced strict guidelines in this regard. Moreover, other kinds of distractions such as in-car conversations could also affect the driver's concentration and therefore it is imperative that the general public understand the importance of avoiding any form of distraction while driving to make the roads safer for everyone. The intention of this assignment is to provide the reader with critical facts about two forms of distractions that may affect driving skills with special emphasis on statistical evidence obtained in the past few years since the law has been enforced
Since the introduction of mobile phones there has been a change in society and the way society works; the use of mobile phones made phone calls possible essentially from anywhere and at anytime. Moreover, the technology also provides other forms of communications such as text-messaging and video calls which has revolutionised telecommunications and simultaneously had an impact our social behaviour. Along with the convenience mobile phones have to offer comes the harsh reality; the technology has unsurprisingly had an impact on all aspects of our life including healthcare and road safety.
The increase in the number of car accidents in recent years has been attributed to many reasons, one of which is the use of mobiles while driving. Stringent reforms have been placed to subordinate these fatal accidents and governments intervened to protect road users. The philosophy of creating safer roads is at the forefront of governmental agendas as the ever increasing number of vehicles on the roads increases road risks.
The possible consequences of using a mobile phone while driving and the laws controlling the phenomenon will be the subject of the first chapter of this assignment. The two concepts that will be primarily discussed and compared will be the usage of the mobile phone, the effects it has whilst driving and the comparison of having a general conversation in the car with others. It is critical that a clear distinction is made between the two for the purpose of this assignment. The two comparisons have different bearing as to the effects on an individual's performance whilst driving and using research from journals and the internet, information will be collated to come up with why as we know it the usage of mobile phones are restricted by law in comparison to having a conversation, and what is meant by this is to illustrate why this is such an issue. This discussion will be considered in more explicit detail in the main body of this assignment.
Further research will be conducted to show that individuals take longer to reach the average speed whilst driving and that failure to spot billboards and other signs became more of a worry. A noteworthy figure of studies examine as to whether and how by means of a mobile phone whilst driving affects various aspects of dynamic recital. Studies have been simulated and conducted in many ways, moreover during a replicated driving task performance or on a driving simulator, driving a real car on an off road track or driving a real car on roads in actual traffic conditions. A study formed to examine the core effects of alienated attention on the individual's capability and performance to drive safely, whilst engaged in respond to a oral calculation of a oral task on a handset was conducted by 24 male drivers who had effort to drive through gaps of different widths, some of which were wider than their car and some of which were not wide enough. They made more errors in judging the gaps when they also had to use the telephone, although this was merely statistically significant for the gap that was 'impossible'.